How to Sort Letters in a String

How to sort the letters in a string alphabetically in Python

You can do:

>>> a = 'ZENOVW'
>>> ''.join(sorted(a))

Sort a string alphabetically using a function

You can use array sort function:

var sortAlphabets = function(text) {
return text.split('').sort().join('');


  1. Convert string to array
  2. Sort array
  3. Convert back array to string


Sorting characters alphabetically in a String

You may do the following thing -

1. Convert your String to char[] array.

2. Using Arrays.sort() sort your char array

Code snippet:

String input = "hello";
char[] charArray = input.toCharArray();
String sortedString = new String(charArray);

Or if you want to sort the array using for loop (for learning purpose) you may use (But I think the first one is best option ) the following code snippet-

char[] charArray = input.toCharArray();
length = charArray.length();

for(int i=0;i<length;i++){
for(int j=i+1;j<length;j++){
if (charArray[j] < charArray[i]) {
char temp = charArray[i];

How to sort letters in a string?

Maybe not the most simple answer, but this will work:

paste(sort(unlist(strsplit(s, ""))), collapse = "")

Or modify the strReverse function that is defined in the help page for ?strsplit to suit our needs. We'll call it strSort:

strSort <- function(x)
sapply(lapply(strsplit(x, NULL), sort), paste, collapse="")

Python: How to sort the letters in a string alphabetically keeping distinction between uppercases and lowercases

sorted() sorts based off of the ordinal of each character. Capital letters have ordinals that are lower than all lowercase letters. If you want different behavior, you'll need to define your own key:

c = sorted(s, key=lambda c: (c.lower(), c.islower()))

That way, c would be sorted by ('c', 1) and C is sorted by ('c', 0). Both come before ('d', ...) or ('e', ...) etc., but the capital C is earlier (lower) than the lowercase c.

By the way, you shouldn't say d = "".join(sorted(c)) because c has already been sorted. Just do d = "".join(c)

Sorting characters of a string in Python

Your solution is correct as strings are immutable in python. So, it's impossible to change (in your case - sort) an existing string. You have to create new one (you do it with join() call).

Also, good notes about sorting letters in string in python can be found here: How to sort the letters in a string alphabetically in Python

Sort letters in string alphabetically- SAS

Joe's right - there is no built-in function that does this. You have two options here that I can see:

  1. Split your string into an array and sort the array using call sortc. You can do this fairly painlessly using call pokelong provided that you have first defined an array of sufficient length.
  2. Implement a sorting algorithm of your choice. If you choose to go down this route, I would suggest using substr on the left of the = sign to change individual characters without rewriting the whole string.

Here's an example of how you might do #1. #2 would be much more work.

data _null_;
myword = 'apple';
array letters[5] $1;
call pokelong(myword,addrlong(letters1),5); /*Limit # of chars to copy to the length of array*/
call sortc(of letters[*]);
myword = cat(of letters[*]);
putlog _all_;

N.B. for an array of length 5 as used here, make sure you only write the first 5 characters of the string into memory at the start of the array when using call pokelong in order to avoid overflowing past the end of the array - otherwise you could overwrite some other arbitrary section of memory when processing longer values of myword. This could cause undesirable side effects, e.g. application / system crashes. Also, this technique for populating the array will not work in SAS University Edition - if you're using that, you'll need to use a do-loop instead.

I did a little test of this - sorting 2m random words of length 100 consisting of characters chosen from the whole ASCII printable range took about 15 seconds using a single CPU of a several-years-old PC - slightly less time than it took to create the test dataset.

data have;
length myword $100;
do i = 1 to 2000000;
do j = 1 to 100;
substr(myword,j,1) = byte(32 + int(ranuni(1) * (126 - 32)));
drop i j;

data want;
set have;
array letters[100] $1;
call pokelong(myword,addrlong(letters1),100); /*Limit # of chars to copy to the length of array*/
call sortc(of letters[*]);
myword = cat(of letters[*]);
drop letters:;

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