How to Sort a Multi-Dimensional Array by Value

How to Sort a Multi-dimensional Array by Value

Try a usort. If you are still on PHP 5.2 or earlier, you'll have to define a sorting function first:

function sortByOrder($a, $b) {
return $a['order'] - $b['order'];

usort($myArray, 'sortByOrder');

Starting in PHP 5.3, you can use an anonymous function:

usort($myArray, function($a, $b) {
return $a['order'] - $b['order'];

And finally with PHP 7 you can use the spaceship operator:

usort($myArray, function($a, $b) {
return $a['order'] <=> $b['order'];

To extend this to multi-dimensional sorting, reference the second/third sorting elements if the first is zero - best explained below. You can also use this for sorting on sub-elements.

usort($myArray, function($a, $b) {
$retval = $a['order'] <=> $b['order'];
if ($retval == 0) {
$retval = $a['suborder'] <=> $b['suborder'];
if ($retval == 0) {
$retval = $a['details']['subsuborder'] <=> $b['details']['subsuborder'];
return $retval;

If you need to retain key associations, use uasort() - see comparison of array sorting functions in the manual.

Sort PHP multi-dimensional array based on value in inner array?

Thinking,more useful and practical

function array_sort($array, $on, $order=SORT_ASC){

$new_array = array();
$sortable_array = array();

if (count($array) > 0) {
foreach ($array as $k => $v) {
if (is_array($v)) {
foreach ($v as $k2 => $v2) {
if ($k2 == $on) {
$sortable_array[$k] = $v2;
} else {
$sortable_array[$k] = $v;

switch ($order) {
case SORT_ASC:

foreach ($sortable_array as $k => $v) {
$new_array[$k] = $array[$k];

return $new_array;

How to use

 $list = array(
array( 'type' => 'suite', 'name'=>'A-Name'),
array( 'type' => 'suite', 'name'=>'C-Name'),
array( 'type' => 'suite', 'name'=>'B-Name')

$list = array_sort($list, 'name', SORT_ASC);

array(3) { [0]=> array(2) { ["type"]=> string(5) "suite" ["name"]=> string(6) "A-Name" } [2]=> array(2) { ["type"]=> string(5) "suite" ["name"]=> string(6) "B-Name" } [1]=> array(2) { ["type"]=> string(5) "suite" ["name"]=> string(6) "C-Name" } }

Sort php multidimensional array by sub-value

You can use the usort function.

function cmp($a, $b) {
return $a["mid"] - $b["mid"];
usort($arr, "cmp");

See it

How to sort multidimensional array by column?

Yes. The sorted built-in accepts a key argument:

sorted(li,key=lambda x: x[1])
Out[31]: [['Jason', 1], ['John', 2], ['Jim', 9]]

note that sorted returns a new list. If you want to sort in-place, use the .sort method of your list (which also, conveniently, accepts a key argument).

or alternatively,

from operator import itemgetter
Out[33]: [['Jason', 1], ['John', 2], ['Jim', 9]]

Read more on the python wiki.

How do I sort a multidimensional array by one of the fields of the inner array in PHP?

You need to use usort, a function that sorts arrays via a user defined function. Something like:

function cmp($a, $b)
if ($a["price"] == $b["price"]) {
return 0;
return ($a["price"] < $b["price"]) ? -1 : 1;


How do I sort a multi-dimensional array by value?

Use uasort():

This function sorts an array such that array indices maintain their correlation with the array elements they are associated with, using a user-defined comparison function.

This is used mainly when sorting associative arrays where the actual element order is significant.


function cmp($a, $b) {
if ($a['attack'] == $b['attack']) {
return 0;
return ($a['attack'] < $b['attack']) ? -1 : 1;

uasort($data, 'cmp');

If the values are always strings, you can also use strcmp() in the cmp() function:

function cmp($a, $b) {
return strcmp($a['attack'], $b['attack']);


To sort in descending order you just have to change the return values:

return ($a['attack'] < $b['attack']) ? 1 : -1;
// ^----^

or to pick up @salathe's proposal:

return $b['attack'] - $a['attack'];

How to sort multidimensional array by value?

The problem is that you are sorting alphabetically. You will need to calculate the size of each resolution to sort them correctly. This will require writing a custom comparison function that calculate the resolution sizes and compare them.

foreach ($resolutions as &$resolution)
uasort($resolution, function ($a, $b) { return array_product(explode('x', $a)) - array_product(explode('x', $b)); });

Sort multidimensional array alphabetically, by value and store it in a new variable

1) Store the inital array in a new variable:

$atoz_people = $people;

2) Create sorting function:

function sort_by_name($a,$b)
return $a["name"] > $b["name"];

3) Sort array


@B. Desai: many thanks!

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