How to Fix Importerror: Attempted Relative Import with No Known Parent Package?
The "attempted relative import with no known parent package" error occurs when you try to perform a relative import in Python, but the module you are trying to import is not part of a package. A relative import in Python allows you to import modules that are relative to the current package, but not to the current working directory.
Here's how you can resolve this issue:
1. Make sure that the module you're trying to import is part of a package: If the module is not part of a package, you need to wrap it in a package before you can perform a relative import.
2. Use an absolute import: Instead of using a relative import, you can use an absolute import. An absolute import allows you to import a module from anywhere in the file system, as long as it's part of the Python path. To perform an absolute import, you can use the following syntax:
python import module_name
3. Update the Python path: If the module you're trying to import is in a different location than the current working directory, you can add that location to the Python path. This allows you to perform an absolute import, even if the module is not part of the Python path by default. You can update the Python path by using the following code:
import sys sys.path.append('/path/to/module')
After making these changes, you should be able to import the module successfully.
How to Import Parent Package in Python?
In Python, you can import a parent package by using the .. syntax in a relative import. The .. syntax represents the parent directory of the current package.
Here's an example of how you could import a module module_a located in the parent directory of the current package:
from .. import module_a
You can also use multiple .. to traverse multiple levels of the directory hierarchy to reach the parent package:
from ... import parent_package
It's important to note that relative imports are based on the location of the current module and not the current working directory. This means that you need to make sure that the current module is part of a package for relative imports to work correctly.
If you want to import a module from the parent package regardless of its location in the file system, you can use an absolute import:
This will import the module_a module from the parent_package package, no matter where it is located in the file system.